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2024-05-21 : Sree Manju Hospitals


Welcome to our Parkinson's disease guide, a condition affecting millions globally, including individuals in Hyderabad. At Sree Manju Hospitals, we emphasise the importance of knowledge in effectively managing health. This blog will explain the complexities of Parkinson's disease, discussing its symptoms, causes, and the most recent treatment options.

Understanding Parkinson:

Parkinson's disease is an intricate neurological condition marked by the progressive decline of motor functions. It stems from the decay of dopamine-producing nerve cells in the brain's substantial nigra area. Dopamine acts as a neurotransmitter that controls signals governing muscle movement and coordination.

When these cells malfunction or perish, dopamine levels plummet, disrupting the brain's ability to create and control movement smoothly. Individuals with Parkinson's undergo multiple challenges, including tremors, bradykinesia (slowed movement), muscle rigidity, and postural instability. 

These symptoms impair physical abilities and impact daily activities and quality of life. Understanding the underlying neurochemical imbalance is crucial for tailoring effective treatment strategies and enhancing patient outcomes.

Key Symptoms of Parkinson's:

  • Tremors: Involuntary shaking, often starting in the hands or fingers.
  • Bradykinesia: Slowed movement, making simple tasks challenging.
  • Muscle Rigidity: Stiffness in muscles, causing discomfort and restricted mobility.
  • Postural Instability: Difficulty maintaining balance and coordination, leading to falls.
  • Non-motor Symptoms: These include depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and cognitive impairment.

Understanding the Causes:

While the exact cause of Parkinson's disease remains elusive, several factors are believed to contribute:

  • Genetics: Certain genetic mutations increase the risk of developing Parkinson's.
  • Environmental Factors: Exposure to toxins like pesticides and herbicides may play a role.
  • Age: Parkinson's primarily affects older adults, with the risk increasing with age.
  • Brain Changes: Accumulating abnormal protein deposits in the brain, called Lewy bodies, is a hallmark of Parkinson's.

Treatment Options:

While Parkinson's disease is chronic and progressive, various treatment modalities aim to manage symptoms and improve quality of life:

  • Medications: Dopamine replacement therapy helps alleviate motor symptoms. Other medications address non-motor symptoms and complications.
  • Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS): This surgical procedure involves implanting electrodes in specific areas of our brain to regulate abnormal brain activity and reduce symptoms.
  • Physical Therapy: Exercises targeting mobility, balance, and flexibility can enhance motor function and reduce stiffness.
  • Speech Therapy: Speech and swallowing difficulties are common in Parkinson's. Therapy sessions can help improve communication and swallowing abilities.

At Sree Manju Hospitals, we offer comprehensive care for Parkinson's disease tailored to individual needs. Our multidisciplinary team of neurologists, therapists, and support staff collaborates to provide personalised treatment plans to optimise patient outcomes.


Parkinson's disease presents unique challenges, but with the right knowledge and support, individuals can lead fulfilling lives. If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms of Parkinson's, don't hesitate to reach out to Sree Manju Hospitals in Hyderabad. Together, we can navigate Parkinson's with compassion, expertise, and innovative care.

Remember, knowledge is power, and with Sree Manju Hospitals by your side, you're never alone in your journey towards better health and well-being.