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2024-02-16 : Sree Manju Hospitals


Hepatitis, a term encompassing inflammation of the liver, is a global health concern affecting millions of people worldwide. With various causes, including viral infections, autoimmune disorders, and toxic substances, hepatitis presents diverse challenges in diagnosis, treatment, and management. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the intricacies of hepatitis, exploring its types, symptoms, risk factors, and available treatment options. Furthermore, we highlight the specialized care and innovative treatments offered by Sree Manju Hospital for individuals battling hepatitis, underscoring their commitment to delivering compassionate, personalized care to patients in need.

Understanding Hepatitis:

Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver, a vital organ responsible for detoxification, metabolism, and nutrient storage. While hepatitis can be acute, resolving within a few weeks, it can also become chronic, leading to long-term liver damage and complications. The most common types of hepatitis include:

1. Hepatitis A:

Transmitted through contaminated food or water, hepatitis A typically causes acute illness, with symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, jaundice, and dark urine. Most individuals recover fully from hepatitis A without long-term liver damage.

2. Hepatitis B:

Transmitted through blood, bodily fluids, and unprotected sexual contact, hepatitis B can lead to acute or chronic infection. Chronic hepatitis B increases the risk of liver cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer if left untreated.

3. Hepatitis C:

Primarily spread through blood-to-blood contact, hepatitis C often progresses to chronic infection, posing a significant risk of liver cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Many individuals with hepatitis C may remain asymptomatic for years, leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment.

4. Autoimmune Hepatitis:

An autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy liver cells, autoimmune hepatitis can lead to chronic inflammation, fibrosis, and cirrhosis if not managed effectively.

5. Alcoholic Hepatitis:

Caused by excessive alcohol consumption over time, alcoholic hepatitis can range from mild inflammation to severe liver damage, often exacerbating existing liver conditions and increasing the risk of liver failure.

Symptoms and Complications:

The symptoms of hepatitis vary depending on the type and severity of the condition but may include:

 Fatigue and weakness.

 Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes).

 Abdominal pain and discomfort.

 Loss of appetite and weight loss.

 Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

 Dark urine and pale stools.

In severe cases, hepatitis can lead to complications such as liver cirrhosis, liver failure, hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer), and hepatic encephalopathy (brain dysfunction due to liver failure).

Treatment Options at Sree Manju Hospital:

Sree Manju Hospital is renowned for its comprehensive approach to treating hepatitis, offering state-of-the-art facilities, expert medical professionals, and personalized care for patients battling this complex condition. Our multidisciplinary team of hepatologists, gastroenterologists, infectious disease specialists, and hepatobiliary surgeons collaborates to provide tailored treatment plans and compassionate support to individuals with hepatitis. Treatment options may include:

Antiviral Therapy:

For viral hepatitis (such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C), antiviral medications can suppress viral replication, reduce liver inflammation, and prevent disease progression. Our hospital utilizes the latest antiviral agents and combination therapies to achieve optimal treatment outcomes.

Immunomodulatory Therapy:

In cases of autoimmune hepatitis, immunomodulatory medications, such as corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, help modulate the immune response and reduce liver inflammation. Our specialists closely monitor patients' immune function and adjust treatment regimens accordingly to achieve remission and prevent relapse.

Lifestyle Modifications:

For alcoholic hepatitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), lifestyle modifications play a crucial role in managing the condition and preventing further liver damage. Our healthcare professionals provide guidance on alcohol cessation, dietary changes, weight management, and exercise regimens tailored to each patient's needs.

Liver Transplantation:

In advanced cases of liver cirrhosis or liver failure, liver transplantation may be necessary to prolong life and improve quality of life. Sree Manju Hospital boasts a world-class liver transplant program, equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, experienced transplant surgeons, and dedicated transplant coordinators to ensure successful outcomes for patients undergoing liver transplantation.


In conclusion, hepatitis presents multifaceted challenges, from its diverse etiology to its potential for severe complications. However, with early detection, appropriate medical intervention, and compassionate care, individuals affected by hepatitis can lead fulfilling lives and overcome the obstacles posed by this complex condition. At Sree Manju Hospital, we are committed to providing exceptional care and innovative treatment options for patients battling hepatitis, empowering them to confront their diagnosis with courage and resilience. Together, let us navigate the journey of hepatitis with knowledge, compassion, and unwavering support, paving the way towards a brighter, healthier future.