A myocardial infarction, mainly known as a heart attack, occurs when the blood supply to a portion of the heart muscle is inadequate. The heart muscle suffers more damage the longer it continues without treatment to increase blood flow.
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks (CAD). A less common reason that might stop blood flow to the heart muscle is a coronary artery spasm, a severe sudden contraction.
When the blood supply to the heart is significantly constrained or blocked, a heart attack takes place. The accumulation of fat, cholesterol, and other substances frequently causes the clogging of the heart's (coronary) arteries. The fatty, cholesterol-rich growths are called plaques. The process is known as atherosclerosis.
A plaque may occasionally rupture, forming a clot that restricts blood flow. Part of the heart muscle might become damaged or even die with insufficient blood flow. Myocardial infarction is another name for an attack of the heart.
To avoid death, a heart attack requires immediate medical attention. If you believe you could be having a heart attack, call 911 or emergency medical assistance at our Shree Manju Hospital.
What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
The main signs of a heart attack are as written below:
Chest discomfort or agony. Chest pain on the left or centre sides that lasts more than a few minutes or fades and reappears is a common symptom of heart attacks. A painful pressure, squeezing, fullness or other unpleasant sensations could be the source of the discomfort.
Feeling flimsy, dizzy, or faint.
Additionally, you may start to sweat a lot.
Back, neck, or jaw discomfort or pain.
One or both arms or shoulders can experience pain or discomfort.
Respiration difficulty. Shortness of breath may occur before chest discomfort, although it also frequently occurs together.
Various other typical heart attack signs include:
Pain in the chest that may feel like pressure, tightness, discomfort, aching, or pain.
Spreading pain or discomfort to the shoulder, arm, back, neck, jaw, teeth, or even the upper abdomen
Unusual symptoms in women can include sharp or abrupt neck, back, or arm pain. Sometimes the first sign of a heart attack is a sudden cardiac arrest.
Heart attacks can strike without warning. Many people exhibit warning signs and symptoms hours, days, or even weeks in advance. Chest pressure or pain that doesn't go away with rest is a warning sign of angina. Angina is brought on by a transient reduction in the heart's blood supply.
When to see a Doctor
If you believe you are experiencing a heart attack, get immediate assistance. The following actions:
Make an urgent call for medical assistance. Call 911 or your local emergency number immediately if you are experiencing a heart attack. Obtain a ride to the closest hospital if you don't have access to emergency medical care; only self-drive if all other options have been exhausted.
If a doctor has advised you to take nitroglycerin, do so. While you wait for emergency assistance, take it as directed.
If aspirin is advised, take it. By preventing blood clotting, taking aspirin during a heart attack may lessen cardiac damage.
Other medications and aspirin can interact. Take aspirin only if instructed to do so by your healthcare practitioner or emergency medical personnel. Call 911 immediately.
Call 911 if you see symptoms of a heart attack.
Call 9-1-1 right once if you or someone else exhibits signs of a heart attack. The sooner you visit an emergency room, the sooner you can receive treatment to lessen heart muscle damage. In the hospital, medical staff can do tests to determine the best course of action and whether a heart attack is occurring.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or an electrical shock (defibrillation) to the heart may be necessary for some heart attack instances to restart the heart's pumping action. Until emergency medical personnel arrive, bystanders trained to use CPR or a defibrillator might be able to assist.
Keep in mind that the sooner emergency treatment is given, the higher the odds of surviving a heart attack are.
What are the risk factors for heart attack?
Heart disease and heart attacks can be more likely to affect you depending on your lifestyle, age, family history, and several other medical factors. Risk factors are what these are. The three main risk factors for heart disease—high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking—are present in about half of all Americans. 2
Your age and your family history are two risk factors that you cannot change. However, you can reduce your risk by altering the variables under your control.
What can I do to recover after a heart attack?
Your heart could be hurt if you've had a heart attack. This may impact the rhythm of nature and its capacity to pump blood throughout your body. And you could be in danger of having another heart attack or developing ailments like peripheral arterial disease, kidney problems, or a stroke (also called PAD).
Following a heart attack, you may lessen your risk of developing further health issues by doing the following actions:
Physical activity: Discuss your daily activities at work and your personal life with your healthcare staff. After a heart attack, your doctor may advise you to take a break from work, travel, or sexual activity.
In addition to taking prescribed medications, lifestyle changes like eating a healthier diet, exercising more, quitting smoking, and managing stress can enhance your quality of life and heart health. To help you make these lifestyle changes, inquire with your medical team about participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program.
Anyone suffering from a heart attack, heart failure, or other heart condition that requires surgery or medical attention should participate in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Cardiac rehabilitation is a managed program that involves exercise.
Information on how to live a healthy lifestyle, including eating well, taking prescribed medications, and stopping smoking.
Counseling to develop methods of stress relief and some mental health improvement
Your health care team, fitness specialists, physical therapists, counselors or mental health professionals, and members of your cardiac rehab team may all be able to aid you.
Nobody anticipates experiencing a heart attack. Always be ready for the worst. You can take the following actions before symptoms appear:
Learn the signs and symptoms of heart attacks by heart.
Remember that you have 5 minutes from when they start to dial 911.
Inform your loved ones and close acquaintances of the danger signals and the necessity of dialing 911 right away.
Recognize your risk factors and take steps to lower them.
Make a list of your medications, allergies, doctor's contact information, and people to call in case you need to go to the hospital for a heart attack. Keep a copy of this info in your wallet.
Make plans for someone to take care of your dependents in an emergency.
CPR instruction for a loved one.
Why choose us
Sree Manju Hospital, one of the best medical facilities, provides excellent service in various specialties. We always keep the patient's needs in mind while using cutting-edge diagnostic and therapeutic methods. We uphold the highest standards of excellence. Since we place a high value on technological skills, our healthcare facility uses the latest technologies for every surgery.