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2023-01-05 : sreemanjuhospitals

Joint and knee pain in old age is a fairly regular occurrence, thanks to our incredibly active society and daily increasing responsibilities. Knee pain is one of the serious musculoskeletal conditions that can be treated and has a number of distinct causes. A professional orthopedic doctor must be seen right away if the pain becomes intolerable to prevent it from getting worse. SHREE MANJU HOSPITALS staff is here with some helpful information to help you understand this point clearly.

How does a Knee Function? 

In cooperation with the hips and ankles, the main job of the knee joint is to bend, straighten, and support 90% to 95% of the body weight of an individual. A knee is more complex than it first appears. The knee joint is more than simply a straightforward hinge; it depends on a number of important structures to carry out daily tasks including walking, turning, and rotating as well as supporting the complete body. It is made up of numerous intricate structures, including as bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons.

Bones That Are Completely Connected to a Knee Joint

Four bones make up the knee joint and are necessary for proper function:

  • The femur or thigh bone
  • The tibia bone in lower leg
  • The patella or kneecap
  • The Ligaments and the Fibula

What Are Ligaments?

Bones are joined together by dense fibrous bands called ligaments. Older people who have loose ligaments may experience knee pain.

The Knee Joint Ligaments' Functions

Ligaments are essential to the knee joint. It has four important ligaments that sustain the body weight of an individual while joining the femur and tibia:

* The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) give the knee stability in rotation as well as front and back movement.

The medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL) give the knee stability in those directions.

What Are Tendons?

Tendons resemble ligament-like fibrous bands. However, tendons essentially link bones to muscles in a manner similar to how ligaments do.

Tendons in the Knee Joint: Their Purposes

The quadriceps tendon attaches to the patella via the quadriceps muscle, which is located on the front of the thigh.

The patella and tibia bone are joined by the patellar tendon.

* Along with the quadriceps muscle, the quadriceps and patellar tendons are collectively referred to as the extensor mechanism, which makes it easier to straighten a leg.

How Does Cartilage Work?

Technically speaking, the cartilaginous structures that line the top of the tibia are referred to as menisci (meniscus). They are situated at the base of the femur, between the tibia and the two knuckles (called the femoral condyles). The knee joint benefits from cartilage's cushioning and flexibility.

How Do Bursae Work?

Bursae (bursa) are fluid-filled sacs that aid in cushioning and stabilizing knee movement.

Bursae's Roles in the Knee Joint

There are three distinct sets of bursae in the knee:

  • The bursae of the prepatella, which are located in front of the patella.
  • The Pes Anserine Bursae, which is situated two inches below the knee joint on the inner side.
  • Underneath the patella are the infrapatellar bursae.

Regular Treatment Options To Treat Knee Pain In Old Age

So let's move on to some fundamental methods for dealing with old-age knee discomfort. They can assist you in finding some relief.

Two to three times a day for 20 to 30 minutes of knee ice is often advised by doctors. Always using an ice pack will help you avoid developing knee discomfort in your later years.

Exercise * According to some study, you should work out for two to three hours every day, focusing on exercises that strengthen your upper thighs. Daily exercise can slow the progression of osteoarthritis (OA), one of the most prevalent causes of knee discomfort, and improve the knee joints.

The health of cartilage tissue is greatly improved by physical activities including walking, running, cycling, swimming, tai chi, yoga, etc. While further enhancing how the body supports the joints, whether or not a person has osteoarthritis.

Support and Posture

Additionally, the following actions are efficient in reducing knee strain:

  • Sit upright and straight, never slouching or reclining.
  • Steer clear of low seats and couches where you can sink in.
  • Avoid spending a lot of time sitting still since joints can get uncomfortable and stiff from inactivity.
  • If necessary, raising your seating height by using a pillow
  • Steer clear of shoes with damaged arches, and use supportive footwear

Balanced nutrition and weight loss 

  • Obese or overweight people are more likely to experience knee discomfort as they age. Since carrying additional weight makes joints work harder, it causes knee joints to wear out more quickly.
  • Having too much weight on your body causes inflammation to spread throughout your body, which has an impact on your knees. Therefore, losing a little weight may help to lessen chronic knee discomfort, particularly arthritis-related pain.
  • A healthy diet is advised by many osteoarthritis experts. For instance, low in meat, animal fat, and other fats or high in fruits, vegetables, and fiber.

Medications & Drugs

The discomfort in the knees brought on by arthritis can be relieved with a variety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as well as other drugs. Some of these must, however, be administered in accordance with a physician's prescription. You can take some medicines at home as well. similar to, accessible for purchase offline or online with or without a prescription.

Older patients with knee discomfort may benefit from the following medications: 

  • Joint steroid injections
  • Duloxetine and acetaminophen
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, either topically or orally (NSAIDs)
  • Capsaicin topical
  • Tramadol
  • Important Information: Experts strongly advise against using opioids, with the exception of tramadol.


* Self-massage of the knee joints might help you manage stress and ease knee pain.

* People can try the following suggestions while seated with their knees bent and their feet flat on the floor:

* Place your feet flat on the floor as you sit. Grasp the top of the thigh with the heel of the hand, move it down to the knee, and then let go.

* With the hands loosely closed into fists, lightly tap each leg 10 times on the top, lower, and center. At least three times should be spent doing this.

* Five times, raise and lower your knee while pressing four fingers into the tissue.

Preparations for aromatherapy

According to one study, applying essential oils or an ointment combining the ingredients ginger, cinnamon, mastic, sesame oil, and orange during a massage may help ease osteoarthritis pain. Additionally, it might help knees that are in moderate to severe pain function better and be more flexible.

Measures for Heat & Cold

Both applications of heat and cold can be successful in treating elderly knee discomfort. It has been advocated by medical professionals all over the world to lessen joint discomfort brought on by arthritis.

Heat: It relieves tension in the muscles and enhances lubrication, which reduces stiffness. A heating pad or hot water bottle could be useful. Even better, you can use heat to increase mobility in the morning and ice to lessen swelling in the afternoon.

Ice wrapped in a cloth or frozen water in a bottle may help to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation.

Important Reminder: Before applying anything hot, make sure you test it first. Particularly for an elderly person or someone who finds it difficult to communicate.


According to research, experts discovered that older people with osteoarthritis may suffer knee pain differently as they age depending on their sensitivity to weather rather than the climate itself. It is generally believed that colder temperatures make the pain greater. Living in a gorgeous setting, on the other hand, can make mental discomfort far more bearable.

However, several study findings contradicted the widely held belief that pain gets worse in cooler environments. There was no correlation between increased clinical visits for joint pain and increased rainfall, according to several studies.

In addition, people from Southern Europe, women, and those with greater levels of anxiety were more likely to express weather sensitivity. Furthermore, those who were more sensitive were more likely to report worsening knee pain as they aged.

Therapy with Acupuncture

The results of a study suggested that acupuncture might prove to be a successful treatment. Considering that it benefits those with knee osteoarthritis.

Tai chi

Tai chi is a form of meditation that mostly helps with the physical components of self-satisfaction and symptoms of depression. Tai chi is recommended by several groups as a sort of exercise for those with knee OA. In addition,